物理海洋学名词-A 5

Glossary of Physical Oceanography and Related Disciplines

Steven K. Baum Department of Oceanography Texas A&M University

May 26, 2004

ACCIS Acronym for Austral Chilean Coast and Inland Sea project, a program to facilitate the development of an interdisciplinary and multi–institutional program focused on ecological and socio–econonomic–human health issues in the temperate waters of the Austral Chilean Coast and Inland Sea.
[http://www.ccpo.odu.edu/~atkinson/ACCIS/accis.html]

ACCLAIM Acronym for the Antarctic Circumpolar Current Levels by Altimetry and Island Measurements program in the South Atlantic and Southern Oceans. It consists of measurements from coastal tide gauges and bottom pressure stations, along with an ongoing research program in satellite altimetry. ACCLAIM was the Proudman Oceanographic Laboratory’s main contribution to WOCE and now provides data for CLIVAR, GLOSS and PSMSL.

The coastal tide gauge portion of ACCLAIM took place in two phases. In Phase I from 1983, measurements at coastal tide gauge sites were sub–surface pressure (SSP) measurements rather than sea level (where SSP is defined as the total, measured pressure recorded by a sub–surface pressure transducer, a measurement including the atmospheric as well as the water column pressure). These data were acquired with different sensors and with different pressre integration periods. Phase II, which started in early 1993, involved replacing the gauges at several sites with ‘B gauges’ that recorded SSP, air pressure and sea level. These gauges have precise datum control and are used to provide long term sea level change data to the PSMSL. See Spencer et al. [1993].

[http://www.pol.ac.uk/psmsl/programmes/acclaim.info.html]

ACCP Abbreviation for the Atlantic Climate Change Program, a NOAA research initiative for understanding the decadal-scale interactions of deep circulation in the Atlantic and how it influences the overlying atmosphere. The goals of ACCP are:
• to determine the seasonal-to-decadal and multidecadal variability in the climate system due to interactions between the Atlantic Ocean, sea ice, and the global atmosphere using observed data, proxy data, and numerical models;
• to develop and utilize coupled ocean-atmosphere models to examine seasonal-to-decadal climate variability in and around the Atlantic basin, and to determine the predictability of the Atlantic climate system on seasonal-to- decadal timescales;
• to observe, describe, and model the space-time variability of the large- scale circulation of the Atlantic Ocean and determine its relation to the variability of the sea ice and sea surface temperature and salinity in the Atlantic on seasonal, decadal, and multidecadal timescales; and
• to provide the necessary scientific background to design an observing system of the large-scale Atlantic Ocean circulation pattern, and develop a suitable Atlantic Ocean model in which the appropriate data can be assimilated to help define the mechanisms responsible for the fluctuations in Atlantic Ocean circulation.
See Molinari et al. [1994].
[http://www.aoml.noaa.gov/phod/accp/]

 

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